quanon, I have similar concerns.
When one says "national level wrestlers" or "national team wrestlers" who are these? This term is *very* broadly construed. For instance, I've seen the term "national team athlete" used for a wrestler that has participated in any national level tournament or above. This would include literally 100's if not 1000's of wrestlers for Russia.
Jaroslav, I think you may be missing the point. There is a big gap between: 'some national level wrestlers in Russia' may be doping vs. entire Olympic team was for sure doping consistently. You made a speculation like that for why some did not participate at the worlds. I will take a look at the report again; I read it a while ago, but I don't remember these terms being defined and it was quite vague.
Speaking about Eastern Europe and parts of Russia, here are few issues I can tell you from talking to people in those circles:
- poorer countries / regions _do_ have trouble getting the latest 'chemicals'. This puts them at a disadvantage to richer western countries (e.g., some well funded sports in Russia, US, Japan, Germany, etc) which use designer drugs that are well masked. This is a known issue and some even talk about it publicly, e.g., the need for a doping lab especially for sports like athletics, weightlifting, swimming, etc. Then sometimes they end up getting caught for using the cheap stuff due to lack of $$$.
- generally speaking, athletes in judo, wrestling and boxing are much more poorly funded compared to some others. Doping there is much less widespread than say athletics, etc. The federations do have a lot less money and its hard to get anything 'systematically' going. Its totally fragmented across clubs, coaches, etc. Worse, athlete funding varies wildly depending on your results the previous year. Many Olympic level athletes (some in Rio this year who did well) have very low salaries and actually don't have good nutrition.
- doping is individual and usually not very systematic at all. Actually the most serious ones when it comes to say "nutrition help" :) go outside the country. The location is typically Germany where the system is more advanced.
Implying that doping plays a serious role in the success of Russian wrestling is I believe misleading. There are other reasons for their success and we are probably better spent discussing those.